Perception of Time

How to deal with the passage of time, whether it is perceived as linear , as in birth leading toward death, or circular, offering the possibility of a rebirth .

If it die .. Today, one cannot be spared from examining how time passes by, in a world where one is becoming increasingly aware of the accelerating economy and technology, moving toward a circular and resilient economy becomes a necessity. Transformation and recycling (in its broadest sense) would make possible a life that is no longer doomed to self destruction, whether it be an object, a process, an organization …

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Nicolas Poussin

A Dance to the Music of Time

c.1634 – c.1636

Oil on canvas
82.5 x 104 cm

Wallace collection, Londres

Data from: University of California, San Diego

Raoul Hausmann

Encre de Chine et illustrations de magazine découpées et collées sur papier

40,4 x 28,2 cm

Inscriptions :Non signé, non daté

Centre Beaubourg, Paris  © ADAGP.

Time management

How to identify our moment of opportunity? How to have the courage to form a long-term vision while the world is being consumed by the “tragedy of the horizon” as analyzed by Marc Carney? 

Roy Lichtenstein

Wall Explosion II, 1963 (detail) (Tate Modern)

This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.

Chrestien Wechel

Andrea Alciato’s Livret des Emblemes,
Paris,
1536

https://www.emblems.arts.gla.ac.uk/

leadership

What makes for a good leader?  In turbulent times, works of art from around the world offer surprising and inspiring clues to think out of the box. 

Antoine-Jean Gros

General Bonaparte Visiting the Plague-Stricken at Jaffa

1823

Oil on canvas

118.7 x 163.8 cm 

Image © Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

Master Lei Yixin

Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial Independence Avenue SW, in honor of the Civl Rights Act of 1964

Master Lei Yixin 2010, Washington DC

female leadership

How are women leaders represented in paintings and statues ? What has changed – or perhaps has not changed – about this representation from ancient times to the modern era ?

Nicholas Hilliard

Oil on panel

78.5 x 61 cm

Walker art Gallery Liverpool

wikicommons Source/Photographer

Eugène Delacroix

MILITIA COMPANY OF DISTRICT II UNDER THE COMMAND OF CAPTAIN FRANS BANNINCK COCQ, 1837

Oil on canvas

62 x 74 cm

inclusion

How to deal with the responsibility of welcoming difference and otherness? Exploring art provides new ways to be more inclusive, respectful of each and every human being.

Clyfford Still

American, b. Grandin, North Dakota, 1904–1980

Oil on canvas

286.8 X 373.3 cm

Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, DC

Lucian Freud

Nude with Leg Up (Leigh Bowery)

1992

Hirshhorn  Museum, Washington  DC

gender

What is feminine, what is masculine ?  How does art deal with gender and gender fluidity and help us unnderstand contemporary societies ?

Agnolo di Cosimp Bronzino

A Dance to the Music of Time

c.1634 – c.1636

Oil on canvas
82.5 x 104 cm

Wallace collection, Londres

Data from: University of California, San Diego

Maître des Heures de Henri II

François Ier en déité composite

Allégorie en divinités antiques

1550

Enluminure sur double feuille de parchemin collée sur un panneau de chêne. Hauteur : 234 mm ; largeur : 134 mm

BnF, département des Estampes et de la photographie, RÉSERVE NA-255-Objet

© Bibliothèque nationale de France

identity

How to define identity, as a person, as a business, as an entity ? “Know thyself”. What makes us unique ? However,  one is often prone to playing a role on the corporate stage when in charge ; there is always a mask to wear , an institution to embody. How to mastering the dialectic of  identity, freedom and leadership responsibility ? 

YVES KLEIN

Untitled Anthropometry (ANT 100)

1960

Dry pigment and synthetic resin on paper mounted on canvas

57 x 117 1/2 inch

Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, D.C

Willem de Kooning 

Two Women in the Country

 1954 

Oil paint, enamel and charcoal on canvas 

117.1 x 103.5 cm

Hirshhorn Museum,  WASHINGTON DC

INNOVATION

Even valuable masterpieces are never completely new. Artists find inspiration in what has come before them, picking from other patterns, shapes, forms, compositions, topics.

Edouard Manet

Luncheon on the Grass

1863

oil on canvas

82 x 104 in

Musée d’Orsay

Credit Line: © RMN (Musée d’Orsay) / Hervé Lewandowski

Marcantonio Raimondi

The Judgment of Paris, ca. 1510–20

Marcantonio Raimondi Designed by Raphael (1483–1520)

Engraving

29.2 x 43.6 cm

New York,   Metropolitan Museum of Art , public domain

creativity

How do visual artists solve creative problems, the lack of ideas? Where do they find inspiration? Where can we? 

André Derain

Oil paint on canvas

46 × 34 cm

London Tate gallery

Data from: University of California, San Diego

© 2007 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

Henri Matisse

Derain Portrait 1905

Oil paint on canvas

39.4 × 28.9 cm

Tate gallery, London 

© Succession Henri Matisse/DACS 2020

crisis time versus ordinary time

Let ’s explore the idea of crisis, which offers the possibility of rebirth.  How to turn every obstacle into an opportunity ?

Pieter Bruegel the Elder

The Harvesters

1565

Oil on wood

119 x 162 cm

MET, New-York

 

Allan Sekula – Bruno Serralongue

Hamburg landfall (2009)

sexual harassment

Studying Western art masterpieces gives us the opportunity to examine our feelings about the impossible reconciliation of violence and seduction.

Guido Reni

Abduction of Helen

1631

oil on canvas

253 x 265 cm

Musée du Louvre, Paris, France

Image and original data provided by Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives/ART RESOURCE, N.Y.

Gian Lorenzon Bernini

Pluto and Proserpina

1621-1622

sculpture marble

255 cm

Galleria Borghese

Data from: University of California, San Diego

guilt and innocence

The victim is often seen as the guilty party. Lust, admiration, cruelty:   16th  and 17th European paintings show how innocence can be translated into guilt. Will there be justice, and for whom ?

Nicolas Poussin

Judgment of Solomon

1649

oil on canvas

100x150cm

Musée du Louvre

Painting–France–17th C. A.D

ARTstor Slide Gallery

Data from: University of California, San Diego

Rembrandt van Rijn

Susanna

1636

oil painting on  panel

47.4 cm X 38.6 cm

Mauritshuis, The Hague

female symbols

How have the representations of female figures throughout the centuries expressed the ideas of  virtue,  liberty, nation, kingdom, and eventually the republic ?

Robert Campin

Workshop

The Virgin and Child in an Interior

The National gallery  London

Villa Carducci

The Cumean Sibyl

1450

Fresco transferred to wood

250 x 154 cm

Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence

female body

Since the celebrated Venus Pudica, who simultaneously covers and attracts attention to her sexuality, how does the gaze of a man inform the female body in art?  The breast, for instance, reconciles opposite meanings : erotic and maternal, sacred and secular, source of life or a dried up cspring. Each breast representation in the Renaissance art is rich of many meanings that are layered as in a palimpsest.

Jean-Jacques Lagrenée

Service pour la Laiterie de Rambouillet. Paire de Bols sein

1788

Sèvres, Cité de la Céramique

Alberto Giacometti

Composition (Man and Woman) bronze sculpture by Alberto Giacometti

1927, cast 1964,

Tate Modern, London

Intercultural relations

Artists find inspiration in a permanent around-the-world voyage oor a journey through time/the past. Let’s observe works of art that  are as far apart as we may imagine : Europe and Japan ?   What about the artistic exchanges  ?  Cultural and artistic exchanges usually appear in the wake of  commercial  trade. What is the relationship  between  artists and new forms  in comparison with what  they are accustomed to see  ?

JAMES WHISTLER

Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket

1875

Oil on canvas

60 x 47 cm

Institute of art, Detroit 

Vincent van Gogh

Courtesan

1887

oil on cotton

100.7 cm x 60.7 cm

Credits (obliged to state): Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam

trust

Democracy, the market economy, but also families  and teams,  need trust to function properly, as demonstrated Alain Peyrefitte in his book ”the Trust Society”.   The  biggest loss of all would be a loss of trust, when people end up thinking that  the system does not work for the common good. When trust is central,  the lack of trust could be destructive.

Domenico Ghirlandaio

Portrait of an Old Man and a Young Boy

around 1490

oil on wood

62 x 46 cm

Musée du Louvre, Paris

Image and original data provided by Erich Lessing Culture and Fine Arts Archives/ART RESOURCE, N.Y.,

Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn

The Night Watch

1642

437 x 363 cm

Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam

trade and money

Money is at the heart of the relationship between business, shareholders and employees.  Dividends, salaries, bonuses — it’s all about money. The stage is set for a difficult reconciliation of opposites: money can be isolating and lead to loss, but it can also unite.

Pieter Bruegel the Elder

The Tower of Babel

1563

Oil on Wood

155 x 114 cm

Kunsthistorisches Museum, Wien

Andy Warhol

Dollar Bills

1962

54 x 72 cm

United States

Private Collection Artwork: © 2015 The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts, Inc. / Artists Rights Society (ARS)

Made in China forever

In pre-Revolutionary France, the label « made in China » was synonymous with the most exclusive luxury goods.  Works of art   shed light on the long history of political and artistic exchange between the Middle Kingdom and Western countries.

François Boucher

La Toilette

1742

Oil on canvas

52.5 x 66.5 cm

Museo Nacional Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

Bernard II van Risenburgh

Commode

1740–45

MET, New York

gardens : mirrors of cultural exchanges

How garden is a microcosm, a means of self-expression, revealing  an evolving view of the human relationship with nature, as well as divergent national identities.

Plan général des jardins de Versailles

1720

© RMN-Grand Palais (Château de Versailles) / Gérard Blot

William Chambers

Dissertation on Oriental Gardening: title page

1772

Data from: University of California, San Diego